Community mobilization (CM) is a capacity-building process through which community individuals, groups, or organizations plan, carry out, and evaluate activities in a participatory and sustained basis to improve their health and other needs.
CDPHC believes that no blue print CM model can work for all communities at all times. Community mobilization was led mainly by voluntary health committees under the leadership and management of a local active Community-Based Organizations (CBOs) combined with support from the local leadership. This has been the most effective approach in implementing community mobilization programs in the target communities.
Community Mobilization Health Strategies Used by the Center
Empowering communities to be engaged actively in supporting the adoption of healthy practices that affect the health of mothers and children.
Building the capacity of residents, local community-based organizations (CBOs), women’s organizations, municipalities / village councils, and other stakeholders to create awareness and impact the adoption of healthy MCHN practices at the individual and household levels
Strengthening the capacity and potential for sustainability of the program at the community level after the any Project ends. The CBO, village councils, community health workers, health care providers, volunteers and key local informants will be equipped with the skills, tools, networks and experience that can stay in the community where these structures, tools and processes will capacitate them to continue their work in health promotion and service provision.
The community health workers have been the key players and change agents working with local leaders and representatives for improving health practices of individuals, households and community groups.
Activities that were accomplished in Community Mobilization Projects:
Designed a national training curriculum for community health workers intended to expand their role and equip them with more community mobilization skills with focus on primary health care that include mainly the focus of Hanan health messages prenatal, natal, postnatal, delivery and midwifery, health promotion, community organization, leadership, identifying high risk behaviors, nutrition and malnutrition, environmental health, women's health, psychosocial health, youth health with focus on reproductive and sexual health. CDPHC has trained and graduated over the past 12 years more than 500 community health workers that are now working with MoH and working with NGOs and CBOs. In the Nablus cluster that is selected for implementing this project, there are many community health workers who have been trained, worked and implemented similar health and community mobilization projects with CDPHC.
CDPHC as part of its community awareness and mobilization activities is very much familiar with conducting community capacity assessment as part of its strategy to assess the different mobilization approaches for target villages and localities. The community capacity assessment (CCA) is done in active participation of local CBOs, local councils and municipalities, women, clinics and traditional health care providers, community healthy workers and community key informants. CDPHC has readytools and methodologies to conduct this assessment for designing mobilization approaches in the target communities to launch the 18 health messages that are designed by Hanan and its partners
CDPHC has trainers, educators, mobilizers and health promoters who are currently present in many villages and localities of the different districts within the West Bank especially in Nablus, Salfit and Ramallah
Community mobilization approaches include:
CDPHC community program implemented several community mobilization approaches, to demonstrate the sense of ownership and to increase the potential of project’s effectiveness, sense of ownership and sustainability. The approaches are:
Mobilizing community-based organizations (CBOs) to take the lead and play essential roles in supporting different CM activities. The program worked with CBOs that have experience in working with their communities and motivated in issues relevant to health. The ability of the CHWs to build on that readiness affected positively their interest and commitments.
Secured the support of the local leadership i.e. municipality and village councils to implement the community program. In reality, many of the active members in the established health committees are municipalities or village councils’ members. The involvement of local community councils gave the program legitimacy and support.
Establishment of health committees to be in charge of supporting communities’ health agenda and action plans as well as to follow up on the needed coordination , networkingand evaluation of different activities.
Establishment of community-clinic linkages that took place in different modalities according to the situation of each community, for example, in some communities, health needs and plans were discussed with facility staff to examine areas of incorporating improvement in their plans. In other communities, clinic staff were active members of health committees and clinic staff monitored jointly with the community team, service statistics, and the increase in workload. The staff also provided the CHWs with information about targeted beneficiaries such as high-risk pregnant and postpartum mothers.
Recruitment of community volunteers who have been very effective mobilizers. They played an important role to help the CHWs to enter communities, helped in arranging field activities, and facilitated their entry to homes to conduct home visits.
11. Youth to Youth Training Projects
The first round of the training and education project in reproductive and youth health supported by Ford Foundation (2008-2011)
The first round of the project aimed at developing the skills of youth leaders in youth health topics that allow them to become better, managers, educators and trainers for other youth groups. Then the trained youth leaders conducted youth health awareness activities in five districts of the West Bank.
-22 youth educators ,300 awareness workers conducted in West Bank.1200 youth involved in these awareness workshop.
The Second round training in reproductive health issues supported by Ford Foundation
The Center has implemented the second round of the project The main achievements include established regional youth committees in the target six regions, conducted needs assessment of the target areas, trained 16 youth leaders on reproductive health and psychosocial health, conducted awareness activities for local committees and 120 youth leaders, working on preparing the educational material, preparing to conduct six youth awareness festival.
trained 16 youth leaders on reproductive health and psychosocial health
youth manual in reproductive health issues developed .
Promoting Responsible Environmental Practices in six villages in the West Bank.
The goal of the grant is to increase awareness of the environmental problems and work with the citizens to develop and implement solutions. The grant was awarded to the Center for Development in Primary Health Care (CDPHC)-Al-Quds University. The grant focused on the environmental issues, preparation and distribution of educational materials, creation of 6-member village committees, training for committee members, workshops, festivals, and other activities considering village residents, including women and children. The grant was implemented targeting six villages in the northern West Bank distributed in the districts of Jenin, Nablus and Salfeet.
Psycho-social training and education project (Cherish Project) supported by different donors (2002-until now)
These projects aimed at improving the capacity of local mental health and counseling centers in the Jenin area to become more responsive to the psycho-social needs especially those hardly affected by the invasion and continuous incursions to Jenin camp and its surrounding. Also, the project aims at improving the awareness and management of cases (home based intervention) to reach out for those in need.
Training 100 Community-Based Non Health Professional Providers in Pre- Hospital Emergency Medical Services in the West Bank supported by USAID through Hanan project in the years of 2006-2008
Expanding West Bank Community Mobilization Program, Hanan Maternal Child Health and Nutrition Project (2006-2008).
40 community health workers were trained on community mobilization module and the process of establishing committees from Rammalla and Nablus district
Pre-Hospital Emergency Medical Services Training (PHEMS) – Hanan Maternal Child Health and Nutrition Project-USAID funded (2006-2008).
This project was a training project aimed at building the capacities of the workers in the health sector and the community sector in the principles of Pre-hospital emergency, the West Bank in Ramallah, Jenin and Nablus, Hebron covered all West Bank districts and Gaza districts. 300 participants (150 health professionals and 150 community members) received the PHEMS training in the WBG and Gaza .
Clinical Skills Training Course supported by USAID in 2008 (Cherish Project)
23 psychosocial professionals coming from different organizations in the West Bank received clinical skills training in the following areas: Theoretical background & Clinical skill demonstration Practice (with the group and through home exercises)
Youth to Youth under the EU grant (2007-2008)
The project aimed at equipping youth educators and groups with necessary skills knowledge and attitude to better understand their sexuality, sexual health reproductive health and health-related issues of concern to them. 20 youth educators attended training program.
Other training activities
- Training course of village health workers with the health department –Ministry of Health
- Training and education of Palestinian youth on Reproductive /Sexual health /RH and AIDS
- Training courses in psychology topics for volunteers in medical centers
- Capacity building by training of local environment committees to identify the topics ,issues, and messages
- Training courses of medical services providers in reproductive health topics
- Training and capacity building of youth centers
- Training and education of youth leadership on social and educational development
- Training for need assessment for 88 health educators 880 training hours
- management training to develop the management capacity with 125 training hours
- Training 140 hours on maternal child health was covered for 25 physician
- Training in management of medical maintenance in health care insinuation
Implemented in partnership with the Ministry of Health and support from the Italian Cooperation the following projects (2008-9)
- Developed of a Master Plan for Cancer Services and Training on the developed master Plan
- Developed with an oncology expert and in collaboration with MoH staff working in Cancer facilities as well as the NGOs and the Private sector. The technical committee from these three different sectors provided training on Developed guidelines for mapping of cancer services and developing a master plan that identify cancer services needed in the future for both West Bank and Gaza Strip).
- Upgrade of the Information Management system to become operational and train staff
- Upgrade the MIS for main types of cancer will be developed utilizing the existing registry of cancer patients and patient records available at the Ministry of Health and private hospitals.
- Training of staff on early detection of main types of cancer utilizing and developing such proceduresTraining program covered early detection of cancer focusing on the 6 major types of cancer (breast cancer, lung cancer, colon cancer, brain cancer, prostate cancer etc).
- Training on Environmental management information system upgrading the Information system will be connected and linked to the establishment of the Surveillance system
The training program included identify national environmental health indicators based on previous plans and documents, sources of information, methods of data collection, methods of entering, analyzing and reporting results on regular basis, methods of manipulating data for purposes of planners and program managers
Training on Entomology a training course of the diagnostic tests that are done at the public health lab. The training was focusing on building the skills of public health staff in testing different parasitic laboratory infections including analyzing and interpreting lab results. These tests will focus on key tests related to different parasitic and microbiology tests that are performed at the public health lab.
With new funding from Ford Foundation, a follow up project is under implementation entitled “Community-Based Youth and Adolescent Psycho-Social and Reproductive Health in Rural West Bank”. The activities under this project includes:
Conduct new training of 16 youth leaders on reproductive health and psychosocial issues from the same regions (six regions)
Training of 60 members of the project management committees on the different aspects of project
Training of 16 youth leaders on psychosocial support for the old youth leaders (16) and the new intake of youth.
An international Child Conference with focus on child research activities supported by NUFU and Childwatch International was held at AlQuds University in November 2007) for the purpose of promoting child research in Palestine and the region.
Participating as partners with the King Husein Foundation-Information and Research Center in Amman in conducting regional conferences and research for promoting Child research in the MENA region with support from
Child-watch International since 2004 until now.
The Center is a key member institution with Child-watch International (Child Research Network) and participated in most Child watch International meetings for promoting child research in Palestine, Mena region and the world